Facts about monkeypox virus (Educate yourself)

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Recently, Monkeypox virus outbreak occurred in some states in the South East and Eastern part of Nigeria. Lagos State also recently reported a case of the virus. In the Northern part of Nigeria, Zamfara State reported the first case of the virus also. So far, in Ibadan and Oyo State, there have been no report of this virus. That said,we need to educate ourselves on what this virus is, the cause, the symptoms and the treatment of Monkey Pox virus.

What is Monkeypox Virus

According to the World Health Organization(WHO), Monkeypox virus (MPXV) is an orthopoxvirus that causes human monkeypox (MPX), a viral disease with symptoms in humans similar to that seen in smallpox patients. Human monkeypox is regularly reported in villages of Central and West Africa close to tropical rainforest where there is frequent contact with infected animals.

How is the virus transmitted

Monkeypox is usually transmitted to humans from non-human primates, squirrels or other rodents through contact with the infected animal’s blood or through a bite. The virus can spread from human to human by both respiratory (airborne) contact and contact with infected person’s bodily fluids. Risk factors for transmission include sharing a bed, room, or using the same utensils as an infected patient. Increased transmission risk associated with factors involving introduction of virus to the oral mucosa. Incubation period is 10–14 days. Symptoms include swelling of lymph nodes, muscle pain, headache, fever, prior to the emergence of the rash.

Prevention of transmission of virus

Vaccination against smallpox is assumed to provide protection against human monkeypox infection considering they are closely related viruses and the vaccine protects animals from experimental lethal monkeypox challenge. This has not been conclusively demonstrated in humans because routine smallpox vaccination was discontinued following the apparent eradication of smallpox and due to safety concerns with the vaccine.

Smallpox vaccine has been reported to reduce the risk of monkeypox among previously vaccinated persons in Africa. The decrease in immunity to poxviruses in exposed populations is a factor in the prevalence of monkeypox. It is attributed both to waning cross-protective immunity among those vaccinated before 1980 when mass smallpox vaccinations were discontinued, and to the gradually increasing proportion of unvaccinated individuals. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that persons investigating monkeypox outbreaks and involved in caring for infected individuals or animals should receive a smallpox vaccination to protect against monkeypox. Persons who have had close or intimate contact with individuals or animals confirmed to have monkeypox should also be vaccinated.

Treatment of virus

There is no known treatment of the virus. The people who have been infected can be vaccinated up to 14 days after exposure.

So be informed before the outbreak gets to Oyo state, like 9ice said in his song Health is Wealth

Gone too soon: Bola Davies, City People’s deputy director buried in Akure

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Toyin Adedire, Ibadancityng entertainment reporter

Toyin Adedire, Ibadancityng entertainment reporter

IbadanCityNg sends its heartfelt condolences to the family of Bola Davies and City People Magazine on the death of  the popular Deputy Editor of City People Magazine well known for the Ibadan gist section, Bola Davies.

City People Magazine publisher, Seye Kehinde confirmed the news of her death and was seen to be very shaken by the news. He also announced an evening of tribute will also be held in her honour on Wednesday, October 26, 2016 at City People corporate office, Gbagada, Lagos at 3pm.

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Miss Davies succumbed to breast cancer at an early age of 46, shortly after she was diagnosed of the ailment in June of 2016. She passed away in an hospital in Akure on Wednesday October 19th 2016. She was laid to rest on October 21, 2016 in her hometown of Akure.

Oyo State Governor, Senator Abiola Ajimobi,  mourned the death of Ms Bola Davies, describing the incident as depressing and a personal loss.
The Ibadan social community will miss this bubbly who covers gist about Ibadan celebrities for City People Magazine.

May her soul rest in peace.

Ewwww, Oyo State is dirty, battles heaps of refuse in Ibadan

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OYO State has expressed worries about the growing heaps of refuse dumps in some strategic locations in Ibadan metropolis.
It blamed the indisciminate dumping of refuse on people’s attitude to waste collection and disposal.
The government said it had robust proposals to convert waste generated into energy.
Almost all medians on major roads are lined up with bags of refuse.

It is worse on roads leading into the city.
Areas like Monatan, Old Ife Road, Ojoo Road, Iwo Road and Sango-Poly Road are worst hit.
Commissioner for Environment Ishola Isaac Adisa described the situation as unfortunate.
He said where the government was having problem was in the area of enforcement of existing environmental laws due to poor attitude of the people towards waste collection and disposal.
“The government has so much interest in what happen in environment. In fact, the philosophy is a safe and clean environment because it will attract investors and guarantee a healthier environment. And the government has taken so much pro-active measures to ensure safe environment, but the problem is that our people are not ready to comply by the rules and regulations for safe environment.
“The obligation of the people towards environment is that everybody must not drop their waste, except where it was provided and everybody must pay for the evacuation of the waste generated.
“The government has put in place an arrangement to make our people accept responsibility for the waste they are generating – an arrangement that will enumerate the number of houses in Ibadan and make everybody to get private waste collectors,” he said.
According to the commissioner, the government has already accredited about 400 private waste collectors to ensure that all the refuse dumps were cleared without causing health hazard to the people.
He explained that each private waste collector were already allocated to every street and area, adding that individual residents would have to pay a token for the government, who will pay waste collectors for the services rendered.
In the area of enforcement, Adisa noted that the government is planning to establish Neighbourhood Watch to monitor people in each community, who drop waste illegally.
He said: “We are to engage the sanitation environmental officers and as I am talking to you, the governor has approved the engagement of these officers.
“They will wear uniforms and we will station them in strategic locations to see and monitor people dumping waste indiscriminately on major roads. For now, the governor has approved 300 sanitation officers to be engaged. A mobile task force that will include some security agencies will be patrolling the streets to ensure that we have strict compliance.”
The commissioner, who called on the people to stop dumping waste on the roads, warned that the government would henceforth prosecute offenders.
He added that the government had already constituted 10 environmental court tribunals and they would soon begin sitting to prosecute anyone found violating environmental laws.

Source: The Natiom

The many health benefits of African Walnut(Awusa, Asala)

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For the younger generation, who may often seek validation from social media while holding the 21st century in their ‘e-palms’, African walnut may be relegated to the bottom of fruit options as some weird looking black fruit, only the old should relish. Ironically, the innumerable health benefits of this seemingly not so trendy and tasty fruit, surpasses all the likes one could ever get on social media.

Two years ago, a duo of teenagers developed a natural cure for halitosis, otherwise known as bad breath. The active ingredient of both their products (gum and mouthwash) was the walnut. That discovery, won Eveshorhema Sophia Samuel-Alli and Ibukunoluwa Ruth Oladeinde of Doregos Private Academy, Ipaja, Lagos, a Life Science Award of $1,000 in the Medicine and Health Science category, courtesy, Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society that year.

Enveloped in a thick black wall, the African Walnut, which has a creamy inner colour and a bitter after taste, has been described by experts as a wonder fruit, capable of curing a litany of diseases. The African walnut, locally called (Asala or Awusa in Yoruba; Ukpa in Igbo; and Okhue or Okwe in Edo) belongs to the botanical family Euphorbiaceae and is a highly versatile nut. Asides from its medicine and health uses, it serves a number of other uses such as furniture and dye making.

Last year, a research paper published in the Journal of Global Biosciences, itemized the many benefits of African walnut following the findings from a research work on the fruit titled “Studies on the Phytochemical and Nutritional properties of Tetracarpidium conophorum (black walnut) seeds.”

Based on the findings of researchers, Ojobor Chijioke, Anosike Chioma, both from the Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka and Ani Collins of the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, the African walnut contains phytochemicals like alkaloid, saponins, glycoside and reducing sugar in high abundance. The study also showed that contained in the African walnut was also moderate amounts of soluble carbohydrate. However, other phytochemicals such as flavonoid and tannins were observed in trace amounts while hydrogen cyanide and terpenoid were not detected in the walnut samples.

According to the researchers, “phytochemicals are biologically active compounds, which contribute significantly to protection against degenerative diseases.” Flavonoids are known to have protective effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidants, antiviral, and anti-carcinogenic properties.

“The presence of tannins in the walnut sample suggest that it could be used for healing of haemorrhoids and varicose ulcers in herbal medicine.”

Alkaloids are the most effective plant substance used therapeutically as analgesic, antimicrobial and bacterial properties. “This may probably be the reason walnut is believed to stop asthma (not acute asthma) and also a constipation cure for elderly.”

Also, the findings indicated that the high amount of saponins in the walnut samples points to the fact that walnut has a cytotoxic effect such as permealisation of the intestine. The presence of saponin, which gives the plant its bitter taste, has relationship with sex hormones like oxytocin which is involved in controlling the onset of labour in women and the subsequent release of milk.

While carrying out the vitamin analyses of the fruit, the researchers observed the presence of vitamins A, C and E in appreciable amounts and other vitamins like D, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and B12, were found in trace amounts. They discussed that the presence of such vitamins in walnut indicates that it can be used in the treatment of skin conditions, including eczema, pruritus, psoriasis and parasitic skin conditions. Also, it can be useful vitamin in the treatment of common cold and prostate cancer. The report also indicates that walnut could be used in treatment of indigestion, constipation and diarrhea. The exceptionally high content of vitamin E in walnut supports its use in Southern Nigeria ethno-medicine as a male fertility agent.

Based on the book, Medicinal Plants of Nigeria- South West Nigeria Volume 1, compiled and published by Nigeria Natural Medicine Development Agency (NNMDA), here are several other reasons why walnuts must be a part of every Nigerian’s diet.

Fertility purposes

In local ethnomedicine, walnuts are used as a male fertility agent; the leaves are used to improve fertility in male and chewing the walnut improves sperm count. Eating around two handfuls of walnuts a day over a period of 12weeks will improve sperm health in young men. Walnut seeds are used to treat uterine fibroids and chewing walnuts helps prevent miscarriage.

For treatment of pain

The leaf juice of the African walnut is considered a headache cure in southern Nigeria and is used to improve and regulate menstrual flow. The leaf juice is drunk to mitigate prolonged and /or constant hiccups.

Cardiovascular benefits

African walnut helps prevent heart disease and is recommended for lowering cholesterol. Walnuts are rich in compounds such as omega 3 essential fatty acids that reduce hardening of the arteries, prevent erratic heart rhythms and keep them flexible. Walnuts also contain relatively high levels of L-arginine, an essential amino acid that is converted into nitric oxide, a chemical that helps to keep the inner walls of blood vessels smooth and allows blood vessels to relax.

Anti ageing benefits

African walnuts contain numerous antioxidants like vitamin E, melatonin, manganese, selenium, ellagic acid and about 16 different polyphenols. All these elements are known to prevent cellular damage; hence they help in the reduction of age-related diseases.

Cancer prevention

African walnuts contain multiple ingredients; omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and phytosterols that, individually, have been shown to slow cancer growth.

Source: Tribune

Oyo State plans to vaccinate 1,000,000 children against Pneumonia and Meningitis

Oyo State governor, Senator Abiola Ajimobi, on Wednesday, inaugurates the use of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) in the state, and said that it will protect at least one million children below one year from dying from pneumonia and meningitis.
Governor Ajimobi was represented by his Health Commissioner, Dr Azeez Adeduntan, at the ceremony held at Ibadan North Local Government council headquarters.
Ajimobi said the introduction of the new vaccine into the state’s immunisation schedule was part of efforts of his government to reduce deaths in children and indirectly, their mothers.
According to him, “children that have pneumonia have at least 20 per cent risk of dying if nothing is done. So, what we are trying to do is to improve the infant mortality ratio of Oyo State which is at 61 per 1,000 live births.”
Ajimobi, who declared that the vaccine was free in all the state’s health facilities, urged mothers to ensure that their babies are immunised against vaccine preventable diseases like pneumonia and meningitis.
Earlier, Executive Director, Oyo State Primary Health Care Agency, Dr Lanre Abass, said Oyo State was one of the 16 states to have the PCV introduced into its routine immunisation schedule.
Abass assured of the vaccines safety and added that the state has 267,600 doses of the PCV.
Chairman, Ibadan North Local Government, Honourable Yinka Akinbode, also stressed the need for mothers to exclusively breastfeed their babies and maintain home and personal hygiene as part of measures to ensure their babies are healthy.
The post Oyo to vaccinate 1 million babies against pneumonia, meningitis appeared first on Nigerian Tribune:Nigeria’ Most Informative Newspaper.

UCH Emergency Room on fire

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The Emergency Room at UCH caught fire tonight Tuesday July 26. At the moment, what caused the fire is unknown. The building has been evacuated. It is yet to be known if their are any injuries or fatalities. As soon as we get more report, we will update our blog.

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UCH commissions first purpose-built molecular diagnostic centre in West Africa

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The University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, has commissioned its purpose-built molecular diagnostic centre, the first of its kind in West Africa.
Speaking at the ceremony in Ibadan yesterday, the Chief Medical Director (CMD) of UCH, Professor Temitope Alonge, said the million-naira complex, equipped with six standard size medical laboratories and office spaces, was put in place with support from an octogenarian and indigenous philanthropist, Alhaji Nurudeen Akanji Oluwasola, in response to the clarion call from the hospital for public private partnership (PPP) in the healthcare delivery, to stem the tide of medical tourism abroad.

The CMD said the newly commissioned Special Diagnostic Centre has the capacity for preventive and clinical diagnostic services as well as state-of-the-art research opportunities in Karyotyoping (Sex determination); Molecular oncology (Solid tumour mutation panel); Haemato-oncology (Flow cytometry to evaluate lymphoproliferative diseases); and HPV genotyping (for screening women for risk of cervical cancer).

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Nollywood Actress and wife of Jide Kosoko, Henrietta dies

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Nollywood actress Henrietta Kosoko, wife of popular Nollywood actor, Jide Kosoko passed away today, Monday June 6. According to eyewitnesses, she slumped and collapsed all of a sudden and she was rushed to the hospital. Reports said she never regained consciousness, she passed away while in coma. Henrietta a diabetic was 53.

Our condolences to the Kosoko family, May her soul rest in peace.

Oyo state becomes the first state to ban public smoking

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Oyo State House of Assembly on Thursday passed a bill banning smoking in public places in the state. The “Bill to Regulate Smoking in Public Places and for Connected Purposes’’ also provides three to six months imprisonment or fine of between N15, 000 and N50, 000 for offenders. The bill was sponsored by Mr Segun Ajanaku and Mr Segun Olaleye, representing Ibadan South-West II and Ibadan North II constituencies, respectively. Supporting the passage of the bill, the Chairman of the assembly’s Committee on Health, Mr Silas Okunola, said that the bill was necessary for regulating smoking in designated places, include shopping centres, restaurants, public toilets and cinemas. Other areas covered by the proposed law are hospitals, creches, schools and public transportation vehicles within the state. Specifically, the bill stipulates fine of N15, 000 or three month imprisonment or both for first time offenders while any person guilty of repeated act would be liable to a N50, 000 fine or six months imprisonment or both. It also stipulates that any person found guilty of smoking in the presence of a child in a manner that exposes smoke to be injurious to the child, would be liable to a month imprisonment with an option of N15, 000 or both. The bill states that any person who repeatedly violates the provision of not smoking in the presence of a child will be liable to one year imprisonment with an option of not less than N100, 000 or both. It makes it compulsory for any person involved with the management of a public place to put a ‘No-Smoking’ sign in conspicuous areas. It states that refusal to place the sign or symbol by a corporate body, director, manager, company secretary or any person concerned in the management of the corporate body will be liable to N250, 000 fine upon conviction. According to the provisions of the bill, any person found guilty of not putting up a ‘No-Smoking’ sign would be liable to six months imprisonment or N100,000 or other non-custodial punishment that the court may deem fit. In another development, the lawmakers called on relevant government agencies and departments to investigate the incidence of earth tremor experienced in Saki West constituency. They made the call following a motion by the Deputy Speaker, Mr Musah Abdulwasi, brought under Matters of Urgent Public Importance. According to Abdulwasi, Saki town has been experiencing cases of tremor in its communities around Medina, Abimbola and Veterinary areas. He said that the tremor occurred in the affected area as often as three days intervals. “A tremor ordinarily precedes an earthquake. Unless urgent steps are taken, the affected communities will continue to live in a state of apprehension, anxiety and insecurity and it will affect the quality of life of the residents,” he said.

Drama as school teacher slumps in classroom

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A Secondary School Teacher at Saint Lukes Grammar School, Molete, Ibadan, Mr Nasiru Lukuman has reportedly slumped and sustained injury on his head while teaching in the classroom.

Mr Nasiru Lukuman, 37, an Accounting Teacher was said to have collapsed while teaching SS2 students in the class and rushed to Molete Health Care Centre around 10a.m Tuesday morning.

He was said to have been bleeding profusely since morning when the incident happened and has since become unconscious.

Also, another Vice-Principal of the same school, Mr Emmanuel Olajide was said to have died last week as a result of hunger.

While Speaking on the incident, the wife of the victim, Mrs Modupe Nasiru who could not control her emotion, appealed to well meaning individuals and government to come to their aid with a view to transferring her husband to a standard hospital for adequate treatment as his condition presently is critical.

According to her, my husband has been vomiting blood since morning when he collapsed and has become unconscious since then. There is no money to take him to a standard hospital for proper medical attention for now and we don’t have anybody to run to for assistance. Our two children are even staying with my mother when we could not afford money to take care of them as a result of my husband’s salaries that have not been paid. I appeal to well meaning people to come and assist us to save the life of my husband,.” She lamented.

However, a member of the Oyo State House of Assembly representing Ibadan South East Local Government, Hon. Ademola Akeem Ige has visited the victim in the hospital where he is receiving treatment and gave him financial assistance with a call on other individuals to come to his aid to get proper medical attention.

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